How to write a resume – Step by Step Guide

The essential requirement for any Job application is the submission of a resume. Resumes are so crucial during Job applications, as they are the key determining factor that decides whether you will get the offer or not. And this is the main reason why you need to master how to write an effective and result-orientated resume before your next job application.

Writing a resume is not an issue because anyone can just put up something together, but the question is, “how can one write a resume that will have the capacity of landing them a Job offer which they applied for?” Writing that type of resume requires that you follow a simple step by step guide that will keep you on track to craft out the best possible resume. 

How to write a resume
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Why you need a step by step guide to writing a resume? 

A guide is a set of instructions that helps individuals to keep track of whatever they are doing. The best and easiest way of landing your dream job is by following a step by step guide on how to write a great resume. 

You need to understand that a good resume is into different sections with enough breaks and whitespace. In writing a good resume, I have to take you through the step by step guide of putting together all these sections in the right way and format. 

What are the different sections of a resume?

A good resume consists of the following sections that include;

  • Name and Job Title
  • Contact
  • Educational Qualification
  • Professional Experience
  • Skills
  • Language
  • Interest

Now I will be taking them one by one into a discussion to give you detailed information on how to ace all of them.

#1. Name and Job Title

First and foremost, you should endeavour to include your full name in the resume with the name of the job title which corresponds with the Job description that you are applying for besides it e.g.

Nwora Chiamaka | Content Writer

#2. Contact

Right after the name and job title section comes the contact, an essential part of the resume.

What should make up the right contact in a resume?

The following should be in any good resume, and they include;

  • Email
  • Portfolio
  • Phone Number
  1. Email: Do not forget to include your email address in your resume. Email is the first place that the hiring manager sends feedback about your application. 
  2. Portfolio: This is a link that can direct hiring managers to websites, blogs, social media profiles where they can have a view of your work samples and many more. The most frequently asked portfolio by hiring managers nowadays is LinkedIn.
  3. Phone number: The inclusion of a phone number in your resume is optional because it depends on the type and nature of the job you are applying for. 

If you are applying for international remote jobs in places like the US/ Canada, you should remove your phone number with the country code. The code will easily give away your location that might affect your application due to the difference in time zones. Remove the first four digits of the number if you must include them in your resume. 

Your contact should be in this form;

Portfolio link | Phone number | Email

#3. Education

The next on the line is your educational qualification. Nobody would still want to hire someone who doesn’t have any form of education, but the good thing now is that most top companies don’t care about you read for a degree as far as that you are educated they just need you to be competent for the role ahead of you.

The educational qualification (s) that you are allowed to add to your resume is the one that is relevant and related to the requirement of the job application.

For your educational qualification, you need to add the following to it;

  • Tertiary Institution and graduation date
  • Major/degree relevant to the job requirement 
  • GPA, Organizations, Project etc.


Tertiary institution                Graduation date                                                                   



Relevant course work Location                                                         

#4. Professional Experience 

The section that interest most hiring managers because that is where they make their hiring decision from

Your professional experience should contain 

  • Your past achievements that you accomplished with the skillset that the company hiring is on the lookout for.
  • Action verbs which explains what you have done and how you did it 
  • Statements that portraits your strength and weakness

Your experience section must be actionable and convincing enough to have a high chance of being considered by the hiring manager.

#5. Skills

The skill section is the section where you need to show your capabilities. Your skillset should comprise both soft and hard skills.

What’s the difference between soft and hard skills?

Soft skills are skills that describe your personality. Examples include; communication, organizational, and interpersonal skills.


Hard skills are those skills that give an insight on how you can produce results and outcome for the company using your technical skills, e.g. Microsoft Office, QuickBooks, SQL etc. 

#6. Language

The language(s) that you can speak should also be included in your resume when applying for a role in a foreign company. It can be an added advantage in increasing your chances of getting the offer.

#7. Interest

Here, you are required to include the things that you have an interest in, your hobbies and fun things to do during your spare time.

In summary, a resume should always portrait two things – it should be practical and actionable. 

A well-written resume should have all the sections stated above then the guide is here to help you do the right thing while writing a resume. 

Feel free to leave any suggestions on how to write a resume in the comment box below.

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